Advocate Aankhi Ghosh writes that it is time to reargue Kesavananda Bharati case and reconsider the Basic Structure doctrine. The case of Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala (Kesavananda Bharati) is perhaps the most well-known constitutional decision of the. Kesavananda Bharathi is the case which saved Indian democracy; thanks to Shri Kesavananda Bharati, eminent jurist Nanabhoy Palkhivala and the seven.

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As originally enacted, it dealt with the right to property and prevented deprivation of property save by authority of law, and then provided for compulsory acquisition for public purposes on payment of compensation.

They claim that democracy can even be replaced and one-party rule established.

It seems to me that when a Ruler or Rajpramukh or the people of the State accepted the Constitution of India in its final form, he did not accept it subject to the speeches made during the Constituent Assembly debates. The Basic Structure doctrine has put the judiciary in the exact position of unlimited power that it sought to prevent the Parliament from occupying.

Kesavananda Bharati vs State Of Kerala And Anr on 24 April,

Later on July 12,the special sub-committee again postponed consideration of the matter. Fourthly, in any case Article is a complete code in itself and does not provide for any amendment being made in the bill after it has been introduced in the House.

It is not right to construe words in vacuum and then insert the meaning into an article. These implications, or perhaps it were better to say underlying assumptions of the Constitution, relate to the use of a power not to the inherent nature of the subject matter of the law.

Justice A N Ray, who was among the six dissenting judges, took over as the 14th Chief Justice of India on April 26,superseding Justices Shelat, Grover and Hegde, who were on the side of the majority in the case. Article 20 protects a person from being convicted of any offence except for violation of a law in force at the time of the commission of the act charged as an offence or to be subjected to a penalty greater than that which might have been inflicted under the law in force at the time of the commission of the offence.

Return to Text H. He laid special importance on the issue of minorities. And accordingly we find, that it has been constantly referred to by statesmen and jurists to aid them in the exposition of its provisions. The principles set forth in this Part are intended for the general guidance of the appropriate Legislatures and Government in India hereinafter referred to collectively as ‘the State’. He has contributed immensely for Kannada in the border district of Kasaragod.


Archived from the original PDF on 9 September It was urged before the Court that Sankari Prasad’s [] S. The intention of bbharati Imperial legislature in enacting the Constitution Act was to give effect to lesavananda wish of the Australian people to join in a federal union and the purpose of the Constitution was to establish a federal, and not a unitary, system for the government of Australia and accordingly to provide for the distribution of the powers of government between the Commonwealth and the States who were to be the constituent members of the federation.

Bhqrati bribery tribunal, of which there may be any number, kesavnanda composed of three members selected from a panel Section But when it is Dominion Parliament is legislating upon the enumerated Dominion subject-matters of Section 91 of the Federation Act, nudgment is held that the Imperial Parliament, by necessary implication, intended to confer on it legislative power to interfere with, deal with, and encroach upon, matters otherwise assigned to the provincial legislatures under Section 92so far as a general law relating to those subjects may affect them, as it may also do to the extent of such ancillary provisions as may be required to prevent the scheme of such a law from being defeated.

He is a Carnatic and Hindusthani vocalist and master of bharxti sections of Yakshaganathe renowned art form and also has penned many devotional songs and dramas.

This much is conceded by the learned Counsel for the respondents. Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to jurgment recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law.

The case had been heard for 68 days, the arguments commencing on October 31,and ending on March 23, [5]. Seervai that the whole Constitution cannot be abrogated or repealed and a new one substituted.

Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala – Wikipedia

It was provided in Article 85 1 before its amendment by the Constitution First Amendment Act that the House of Parliament shall be summoned to meet twice at least in every year, and bhwrati months shall not intervene between their last sittings in one session and the date appointed for their first sitting in the next session.

The Commonwealth [] 45 A. But the India context is slightly different. Return to Text Sankari Prasad v. It is true every provision is prima facie amendable under Article but this does not solve the problem before us. Accordingly, every provision of the Constitution was open to amendment provided the basic foundation or structure of the Constitution was not damaged or destroyed.


Berubari Union and Exchange of Enclaves [] 3 S. Lord Greene is not alone mesavananda this approach. While there are several crucial aspects of this case, the most prominent bhsrati and the one that will be discussed here is the adoption of the Basic Structure Kesavanana.

I respectfully adopt the reasoning of Lord Greene in construing the expression “the amendment of the Constitution. They are States of the Commonwealth; Section Return to Text Quoted jidgment Cross, supra note 1. State of Madras [] 1 S. As a result of the amendment, the old Constitution cannot be destroyed or done away with ; it is retained though in the amended form.

There is definitely no intention expressed to make any part of the Constitution unamendable, to the extent that the topic was not even debated.

Article 34 enables Parliament, by law, to indemnify any person in the service of the Union, or of a State or any other person in connection with acts done while martial law was in force in a particular area.

Article is important. It may therefore be said that the Kesavananda decision has forged more fetters on the powers of Parliament to amend the Bharagi.

In each case bharwti implication means that something not expressed is to be understood. From the illustrations he gives of what constitutes the basic structure of the Constitution he does not seem to make much of a distinction between what he calls basic structure and what the other learned Justices have referred to as essential features.

Kesavananda Bharati

Article 28 deals with freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions. Section 7 provides that “there shall be a Parliament of the Island which shall consist of His Majesty, and two Chambers to be known respectively as the Senate and the House of Representatives.

It could “amend or repeal” any provision of the Constitution, which included Section 29 judhment and Section 29 4 itself. The case was heard by the largest ever Constitution Bench of 13 Judges.