Haoma and Harmaline: The Botanical Identity of the Indo-Iranian Sacred Hallucinogen “soma” and Its Legacy in Religion, Language, and Middle-Eastern . Haoma and Harmaline: The Botanical Identity of the Indo-Iranian Sacred Hallucinogen “Soma” and Its Legacy in Religion, Language, and Middle Eastern . Haoma is a divine plant in Zoroastrianism and in later Persian culture and mythology. Haoma has its origins in Indo-Iranian religion and is the cognate of Vedic.

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Neither the mountain rue known in Europe, Ruta monlana L. Variations of harmzline constiuents always five in number and always including isfand arc given from the Rivayat of Kamdin Shapur in M. The Indian-Zoroastrian belief mentioned above also manifests itself in the present-day Zoroastrian practice of administering a few drops of parahaoma to the new-born or dying see Ab-Zohr. Golden-colored Uzerlik, thy clothing is white.

Because of the relative position of this pviSMigc within the text. As a preliminary to clarifying the origin of the word, it may be noted that the inscrutable initial syllable should have not had u.

In both cases I the plant extract is the basis of mixtures with other psychoactive plants: Expansion of the plant into southern Europe seems largely to have occurred after the advent of Islam, for its European names uarmaline predominantly derived from the Arabic harmat e.

English shh t hush.

However, as all members of this faith must today pass through an initialion modeled in part on the initiation of priests, it seems likely that sauma is reflected by the infusion of crushed pomegranate leaves and twigs which is administered to the novice at the beginning of these rites.


Thus the consump- tion of the dron bread in Yasna 8 is historically equivalent to the consumption of the haoma in Yasna II as a representation of drinking sauma. Bumell ; viit n. Our Prophet selected it, ‘All planted it. Copyrighted material Figure 3- Panja, consisting of harmel capsules strung from a cloth square. These spirit forms include the double or frawahr Avestan fravaSi- of each person, living, dead and unborn.

Staff View: Haoma and harmaline :

Ian Michael marked it as to-read Dec 25, The fact annd the bahman of the earlier accounts has been emended to sapand in the Zoroastrian version shows that harmel was believed by Iranian priests to have at one time been consumed to achieve psychoactive results such as perfecting wisdom and intelligenceresults which are otherwise attributed in the literature of Haona only to haoma. In a list of tokens of the priestly office.

C Tavadia and M. It may be added that B, T. The Boar, in fact, was regarded as an avatar of Vijnu, but also identified with the cosmogonic god Prajapati Taittiriya Sarithita 7,1.

Similar statements haramline in the Horn Yasht t the words of which “brine health and victory against enemies” Yasna Historically, sauma seems not to have been essential lo the ans of Indian priests- Sauma itself was doubtless potentially useful for such purposes, but the power attributed to sauma would presumably have been regarded as inherent rather than due to special priestly knowledge, and access to the plant by nonpriesis, and particularly by non-Aryans and the intended victims of Vedic magic, would only xnd lessened the relative advantage of the Aryan priests in the conduct of magic Whether or not sauma grew in India or only at a great distance from it, access to the plant by Indians would have been the same for the priests and their enemies alike.


In the account of the Persian ZaraduSt-Nama cd. Crevatin’s confidence that darbha was psychoactive is based on -4 V6.

The drug which was meant to bring Wiraz visions was at the same time the means of exposing him to an ordeal as shown by Cobrecht that would publicly attest his personal trustworthiness. My library Help Advanced Book Search. This is of interest for the solution of the general glossation in Pahlavi of the Avestan words pertaining to intoxication.

Haoma & Harmaline

In order to decide if sauma could have been harme! Westermarek ; Vries [] may ultimately be of Iranian origin. Considered together, the linguistic and ritual evidence appeared to conclusively establish that haoma was some variant of Ephedra. Ephedra, is burned as fuel incense which Boyce As already mentioned, the Vedic descriptions of soma are so general that they cannot be used to prove or disprove his or any other hypothesis. There are no discussion topics on this book yet.

Even if we could be sure that the Vedic poets had personal experience of the effecls of the drug, there is good reason to hesitate before assuming that those effects would be accurately described in hymns.

The Middle PeiSian word darug seems to have been of similar meaning to.